Pitman used rotation to change place of articulation: Initially, Evans indicated vowel length with light versus heavy lines the feature used to indicate voicing in Pitman ; but this proved awkward in print, and by it was changed to broken lines for long vowels versus solid lines for short vowels.
France mandates the use of French in official government publications, public education except in specific cases though these dispositions[ clarification needed ] are often ignored and legal contracts ; advertisements must bear a translation of foreign words.
In BelgiumFrench is the official language of Wallonia excluding a part of the East Cantonswhich are German-speaking and one of the two official languages—along with Dutch —of the Brussels-Capital Regionwhere it is spoken by the majority of the population often as their primary language.
The language divisions in Switzerland do not coincide with political subdivisions, and some cantons have bilingual status: French is also an official language of Monaco and Luxembourgas well as in the Aosta Valley region of Italy, while French dialects remain spoken by minorities on the Channel Islands.
African French Countries usually considered part of Francophone Africa.
Their population was million in and it is forecast to reach between million  and million  in According to the report by the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie, an estimated million African people spread across 31 Francophone countries can speak French as either a first or a second language.
French is the second most common language in Canadaafter Englishand both are official languages at the federal level. It is the first language of 9.
Quebec is also home to the city of Montrealwhich is the world's 4th-largest French-speaking city, by number of first language speakers. French is also an official language of all of the territories Northwest TerritoriesNunavutand Yukon.
The Act applies to areas of the province where there are significant Francophone communities, namely Eastern Ontario and Northern Ontario.
Smaller pockets of French speakers exist in all other provinces. The city of Ottawa, the Canadian capital, is also effectively bilingual, as it is on the other side of a river from Quebec, opposite the major city of Gatineau, and is required to offer governmental services in French as well as English.
French-based creole languages are not included. According to the U. Census BureauFrench is the fourth  most-spoken language in the United States after EnglishSpanishand Chinesewhen all forms of French are considered together and all dialects of Chinese are similarly combined. French remains the second most-spoken language in the states of LouisianaMaineVermont and New Hampshire.
Louisiana is home to many distinct dialects, collectively known as Louisiana French. According to the United States Census, there are overpeople in Louisiana who speak French at home, the most of any state if Creole French is excluded.
Missouri French was historically spoken in Missouri and Illinois formerly known as Upper Louisianabut is nearly extinct today. French is one of Haiti's two official languages. It is the principal language of writing, school instruction, and administrative use.
It is spoken by all educated Haitians and is used in the business sector. It is also used for ceremonial events such as weddings, graduations and church masses. The second official language is the recently standardized Haitian Creolewhich virtually the entire population of Haiti speaks.The alphabet is among the few linguistic elements that have remained essentially unchanged between the Ancient and Modern Greek languages.
Before listing the letters, let us make a brief comment on the pronunciation of the language, as it evolved through the millennia. A single vowel is usually long when followed by one consonant and another vowel (somewhat like English 'silent E') and a single vowel at the end of a word (except E) is also long.
The Arabic alphabet contains a number of sounds that are difficult to pronounce for non-native speakers.
Here I’ll give you some tips that will help you with the pronunciation of the sounds in the Arabic alphabet. This page contains a course in the Chinese Alphabet, pronunciation and sound of each letter as well as a list of other lessons in grammar topics and common expressions in Chinese also called Mandarin.
It’s five answers to five questions. Here we go 1. I don’t speak French but my job requires it. A few months ago I applied for a job with a large multinational which required French language skills. Canadian Aboriginal syllabic writing, or simply syllabics, is a family of abugidas (writing systems based on consonant-vowel pairs) used to write a number of indigenous Canadian languages of the Algonquian, Inuit, and (formerly) Athabaskan language families.
They are valued for their distinctiveness from the Latin script of the dominant languages and for the ease with which literacy can be.