Slavery is a human invention and not found in nature.
Many institutions were set up to settle legal disputes, and Roman law appeared in every town governed by the empire. The influence of Roman law would long outlast the empire. The basis of Roman society, as proclaimed by the laws, was the family, headed by a pater familias, who had power over his dependents.
However, Roman women were quite free and had greater control over their wealth and property than preceding states in the Mediterranean. One key difference from the Han was an extensive institution of slavery, in which slave laborers were used in large numbers to produce goods .
Roman society was a relatively hierarchical society. Each social group had well-defined roles. Birth was an important indicator of social position. While the elite could enjoy a relatively wealthy life and could expect to become officials and hold high positions, Slavery in rome and china classes could not expect such luxury.
In trials, the Roman elite was better privileged; they received preferential treatment from imperial courts. They could not be subject to cruel punishments. For the lower classes, the fastest way to advance socially was the army or trade .
Han society was divided into a number of classes, all played a role within this complex society. The basis of this society were free peasants, who formed the base of the tax revenues of the state and who produced most of the agricultural crop.
These men also helped link the central government with local society. Merchants were also a class, but they were subject to controls by the state and often forced to partner with the state, who also took monopolies in salt, steel and wine, further restricting merchants.
At the bottom of society were convicts, beggars and slaves, who formed a small part of the population. For wealthy families, life was good; they displayed their wealth in lavish meals, and lived in large homes in which women lived in the inner quarters.
Poorer farmers and tenant laborers worked on their fields.
Women in poorer families did not have such luxury and often worked in the fields with their husbands or acted as entertainers. Silk clothes were abundant and worn by all classes. Music and entertainment were separated from rituals, with the exception of funeral rites which were taken very seriously.
The legalist thought believed at least in theory that everyone was equal under the emperor. Therefore, punishments for the same crimes were the same in writing, though this was not always carried out.
Social mobility was also relatively great, especially in the military. Confucianism also asserted that "A man, even though he may be poor, can by his acts be a gentleman.
A rich nobleman, even though he may been born well, can by his acts be called shameful. This thought had the effect of weakening the nobility and strengthening the emperor.
The influence of the nobility was also weaker as the new merchant class asserted its presence and wealth energetically; the Han abolished hereditary positions. In theory, everyone could become an official .
Hereditary positions came back later, as evidenced by the fact that the founder of the Tang dynasty was the hereditary duke of Tang, and regional governors were allowed to pass titles on.Jan 02, · Slavery was less important in China than in Rome.
A reason for this is that is the philosophies of the society. In rome, slaves were an essential aspect to the economy, but not in China.
Mar 10, · Slaves, a sad group of people in the ancient world, occupied a large portion of the population in ancient China since 2, BC, when Xia Dynasty started. Slavery society last for about 1, years in China, with minor groups of slaves existed to s in remote mountain areas in China.
In ancient Rome slavery became the indispensable foundation of the economy, and social status was a way to have political privilege and was praised upon in society. But in ancient China, they didn’t have as many slaves as the Romans, the had more of peasants contributing to society by working in fields, laboring on imperial estates, and .
Slavery: Slavery, condition in which one human being was owned by another. A slave was considered by law as property, or chattel, and was deprived of most of the rights ordinarily held by free persons. Learn more about the history, legality, and sociology of slavery in this article.
Sep 11, · Differences: Rome and Han were different because Rome had LOTS of gold, and the Han had luxury items. September 13, at PM Difference: Romans had a patritian and plebeian society and they relied on slavery where as China had peasants working the lands but didn't consider them property.
Comparison between Roman and Han Empires.
From Wikiversity. One key difference from the Han was an extensive institution of slavery, in which slave laborers were used in large numbers to produce goods.
China and Rome; Trade between the Romans and the Empires of Asia;.