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What is the recommended installation procedure? It is flexible and easy to use. You can pick and choose the packages you wish to install, and update them individually. Full source code is available for all packages and tools.
More information on using Cygwin Setup may be found at https: If you do it any other way, you're on your own! If something doesn't work right for you, and it's not covered here or in the latest development snapshot at https: For a searchable list of packages that can be installed with Cygwin, see https: What about an automated Cygwin installation?
The Cygwin Setup program is designed to be interactive, but there are a few different ways to automate it. If you are deploying to multiple systems, the best way is to run through a full installation once, saving the entire downloaded package tree.
Then, on target systems, run Cygwin Setup as a "Local Install" pointed at your downloaded package tree. You could do this non-interactively with the command line options -q -L -l x: For other options, search the mailing lists with terms such as cygwin automated setup or automated cygwin install.
Does Setup accept command-line arguments? Can I install Cygwin without administrator rights? The default installation requests administrator rights because this allows to set up the Cygwin environment so that all users can start a Cygwin shell out of the box. However, if you don't have administrator rights for your machine, and the admins don't want to install it for you, you can install Cygwin just for yourself by downloading setup-x Why not install in C: The Cygwin Setup program will prompt you for a "root" directory.
The default is C: You are urged not to choose something like C: Perhaps there is no conflict now, but who knows what you might install in the future? It's also just good common sense to segregate your Cygwin "filesystems" from the rest of your Windows system disk.
In the past, there had been genuine bugs that would cause problems for people who installed in C: Can I use Cygwin Setup to get old versions of packages like gcc Cygwin Setup can be used to install any packages that are on a Cygwin mirror, which usually includes one version previous to the current one.
The complete list may be searched at https: There is no complete archive of older packages. If you have a problem with the current version of a Cygwin package, please report it to the mailing list using the guidelines at https: That said, if you really need an older package, you may be able to find an outdated or archival mirror by searching the web for an old package version for example, gcc How does Cygwin secure the installation and update process?
Here is how Cygwin secures the installation and update process to counter man-in-the-middle MITM attacks: The Cygwin website provides the setup program setup-x This authenticates that the setup program came from the Cygwin website users simply use their web browsers to download the setup program.
The setup program has the Cygwin public key embedded in it. The Cygwin public key is protected from attacker subversion during transmission by the previous step, and this public key is then used to protect all later steps.
You can confirm that the key is in setup by looking at the setup project http: The setup program downloads the package list setup. The package list is in the file setup. The package list includes for every official Cygwin package the package name, cryptographic hash, and length in bytes.
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