Bibliography Purpose of Guide This guide is intended to help students organize and write a quality research paper for classes taught in the social and behavioral sciences.
Appendix References cited Check your assignment for guidance on which formatting style is required. This page from the Purdue OWL provides information on the most common style guide for each discipline, but be sure to check with your instructor.
Title Page The title of your work is important.
It draws the reader to your text. Data base retrieval systems often work with keywords extracted from the title or from a list the author supplies. When possible, incorporate them into the title.
Select these words with consideration of how prospective readers might attempt to access your document. Abstract Table of Contents The table of contents provides the reader the outline and location of specific aspects of your document. Listings in the table of contents typically match the headings in the paper.
The main document and subsequent pages are counted with Arabic numerals. The table of contents and elements of the paper prior to the main text are usually numbered with lower case roman numerals. List of Illustrations A listing of illustrations is typically included with longer documents.
Under headings such as "List of Illustrations" or "List of Tables" are listed number, title, and page number of each illustration. Body of the Report The tone of a report based on original research will be objective and formal, and the writing should be concise and direct.
The structure is likely to consist of these standard sections: Sections are typically identified and subdivided with headings. Given what the field says about this topic, here is my contribution to this line of inquiry.
In the introduction, you will define and clarify the state of the topic by citing key literature that has laid the groundwork for this investigation. This review of the literature will identify relations, contradictions, gaps, and inconsistencies between previous investigations and this one, and suggest the next step in the investigation chain, which will be your hypothesis.
The introduction will be written in the present tense because it is ongoing information. This is how I collected and analyzed the information. This section recounts the procedures of the study.
It will be written in past tense because you have already completed the study. It must include what is necessary to replicate and validate the hypothesis.
What details must the reader know in order to replicate this study? What were your purposes in this study? The challenge in this section is to understand the possible readers well enough to include what is necessary without going into detail on commonly known information.
Results should not be recounted in this section.
This is what I found out from my research. This section reports the findings from your research. Because this section is about research that is completed, it is written primarily in the past tense.
The form and level of detail of the results depends on the hypothesis and goals of this report, and the needs of your audience.The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
The Purdue Online Writing Lab Welcome to the Purdue OWL. We offer free resources including Writing and Teaching Writing, Research, Grammar and Mechanics, Style Guides, ESL (English as a Second Language), and Job Search and Professional Writing.
For the most complete information, check your campus library or writing center for the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 8th ed. The research paper outline is essential for any article or term paper. The outline may make a great difference on how your work is interpreted.
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